This workshop will focus on significant theorems, theories and algorithms in mathematics that have been or are being inspired by problems in biology. Topics will be chosen from dynamical systems, combinatorics, partial differential equations, probability, statistics, topology, algebraic geometry, and others. The primary goal is to bring new, deep, and interesting mathematical questions to the attention of the entire mathematical sciences community. We plan strong efforts to attract mathematical scientists who have had little previous contact with the biosciences. We believe that through workshops such as this, the MBI can contribute to the enrichment of fundamental research in the mathematical sciences. We plan more extensive MBI programs like this in the future.